Warsaw established in the beginning of the 14th century played very important role in history of Poland. In 1526 Mazovia with Warsaw was incorporated to the Crown. From 1569 as a center of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth became a seat of the General Sejm (Parlament). Four years later the first free election had place and in 1596 the King with Royal Court and main offices settled here. During Swedish Deluge 1655-60 Warsaw as well as the rest of Poland was plundered, looted and deeply demaged. In the half of 18th century again became a cultural, economical and political center of the country but next years and 19th century brought many changes, three partitions, lost independence, three uprisings. After WWI Poland was placed on the map again, Warsaw became a capital. Two years later Polish Army defeated Bolsheviks at the Vistula River, the city was saved and then the WWII came. About 85% of buildings were destroyed and over half million inhabitants were killed (a siege in 39, A-B Action, Pawiak prison, starvation in Ghetto, deportations, Ghetto Uprising 43, street executions, Warsaw Uprising 44). After so-called 4th (Ribbentrop-Molotow Pact) and 5th (Conference in Teheran) partition, Poland fell into the russian hands for almost 50 years.
Warsaw is known as an undefeated, rebellious or "phoenix" city, unfortunatelly is not as beauty as other european capitals but for sure worth to visit.
We would like to present our offer of short trips and sightseeings in Warsaw and its outskirts.
Prices below include an air-conditioned limousine and services of english speaking guide.
You do not pay for each person, just per limousine (max. 4 persons) so it could be cheapper than similiar tours by bus and of course much more convenient, giving opportunity of modifying the program during the tour. Decide what You want to see, where to seat for a coffee or even create own tour according Your interests.
Warsaw Sightseeing Tour (duration about 4 hours - 120 EUR):
The Old Town Square with a symbol of Warsaw, Mermaid.
U Fukiera Restaurant situated here is one of the best in Warsaw. The building was bought in 1810 by Fukier's, famous wine traders. The basements consisted the world's biggest collection of wines and meads, among others about 5000 bottles over hundred years old, 1000 of them from 17th century. Germans looted all in September 1939.
The Royal Castle and Sigismund's Column.
Opposite to other Royal residences, from 16th century, in this one were settled the Parlament and main authorities. Here was signed the Warsaw Confederation 1573 that legalized the previously unwritten customs of religious tolerance, the first such document in Europe. Commonwealth became a place of shelter for persecuted because of religion. Here the tsar Wasyl Szujski was kneeling at the King, that fact reminds a plate on the column. The world's second codified constitution was adopted in 1791. Interior chapel consist an urn with the heart of Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish and American national hero.
The Royal Baths Park, a park-and-palace complex designed in 18th century and occupying 74 hectares, the biggest park in Warsaw situated in the city center.
The Palace on the Water became a summer residence of the last King of Poland and a meeting place for intelectuals during so-called "Thursday dinners".
The Tomb of Unknown Soldier situated in arcades of dynamited Saxon Palace, at the Piłsudski Square. Before WWII rooms of this palace were hiding the greatest succes of Cipher Bureau. In 1932 Polish cryptologists as only one in the world broke the military Enigma code. A month before the war Poles revealed its secret to representatives of British and French military intelligence. Bletchley Park could start to work and continue Polish researches.
Józef Piłsudski was a revolutionist, leader of Polish Socialist Party, dictator and national hero. In September 1908 organized and led succesful train robbery, the Bezdany raid, gathered 200 000 rubles, equivalent to 140 kg of gold.
Wilanów Palace, a summer residence of the King Jan III Sobieski.
The last owners were Branicki family, because of their relations with Italian Royal family the palace was not sized by Germans during WWII.
Jan III Sobieski was one of the most notable monarchs of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and very famous military commander for the victories over the Turks, especially in 1683 Battle of Vienna. There had place the biggest charge in history of cavalery, over 20 000 horses, among them 3000 of famous Polish winged hussars. According relations during attack Germans and Austrian stopped horses for a while to admire the Polish hussars charge. Turks having high respect called Sobieski the Lion of Lechistan.
Jewish Warsaw Heritage Tour (duration about 3-4 hours - 100 EUR) :
From the 11th century until the World War II Poland was regarded as the european centre of Jewish culture. The Statute of Kalisz, issued in 1264, granted Jews unprecedented legal right in Europe, including exclusive jurisdiction over Jewish matters to Jewish courts, and established a separate tribunal for other criminal matters involving Christians and Jews.
We would like to show You the most interesting places associated with history of Jews in Warsaw.
The Monument to the Warsaw Ghetto Heroes.
The first armed resistance against deportation occured in January. On 19th of April 1943 the German forces entered the ghetto to liquidate it. Jews decided to resist to the last man, choosing death in fight than in gas chamber. There were two armed groups, ŻOB (Jewish Fighting Organization) gathered socialists, sionist and communists led by Mordechaj Anielewicz, and ŻZW (Jewish Military Union) gathered mainly members of Betar led by Paweł Frenkiel.
The Umschlagplatz where Jews were gathered for deportations to Treblinka. Here started the extermination process, people could not take a water what would disturb while burning the bodies.Thirst caused also thousands of deaths before trains arrived to the camp.
Treblinka Tour (150 EUR), Majdanek Tour (200 EUR), Bełżec Tour (300 EUR including Zamość), Sobibór and Kulmhof.
The Monument to Janusz Korczak (Henryk Goldszmit) and his Children. He was a Polish-Jewish educator, pediatrician, children's autor and one of founders of Hashomer Hatzair Poland known as Old Doctor or Mr. Doctor. Refused freedom and stayed in his orphanage, cold not abandon his children, till Gross Aktion in Warsaw. Murdered with co-workers and around 200 children in Treblinka.
Irena Sendler, polish social worker and humanitarian engaged in saving Jewish children. Assisted by some co-workers she smuggled, provided false documents and found hiding places for around 2500 of them. Arrested and brutally tortured by Gestapo, sentenced to death, luckily evaded execution by bribing guards.
Jewish Dormitory. One of famous students here was Menachem Begin, a leader of Betar of Poland in pre-war time.
We offer also tours to the former extermination camps :
Warsaw Countryside Tour (duration about 6-7 hours - 180 EUR) :
A private trip to the most interesting places situated at the Mazovian Lowland. We will show You a manor in Żelazowa Wola, place of birth of Frederic Chopin, the Nieborów Palace, a baroque residence of Radziwiłł family with a beautiful french-style garden and Arkadia, sentimental- romantic park founded in 17th century.
Chopin Tour (duration about 6-7 hours - 180 EUR) :
This is a trip to the most important places associated with life of famous Polish composer, Frederic Chopin. We will visit Żelazowa Wola, his birthplace, a church in Brochów where was christened, The Holy Cross Church with Chopin's heart, his former room at the Academy of Fine Arts, the Monument at Royal Baths Park and modern, interacive Chopin Museum at Ostrogski Castle.